Interaction | Reaction | Process Data Page
Benzene can be alkylated to ethyl benzene with ethylene, hydrogen chloride and an aluminium chloride catalyst.HCl adds to the ethylene to give ethyl chloride.The aluminium chloride abstracts Cl– form the ethyl chloride to give the reactive carbenium ion, CH3CH2+, which undergoes an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction with benzene to give ethyl benzene and H+.The H+ interacts with the [AlCl4]– to regenerate HCl and AlCl3.
Industrial Organic Chemistry, 3rd. Ed. K. Weissermel, H.-J. Arpe, VCH (1997)
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