Interaction | Reaction | Process     Data Page

Benzene can be alkylated with an alkene, hydrogen chloride and an aluminium chloride catalyst.

HCl adds to the alkene to give the chloroalkane.

The aluminium chloride abstracts Cl– form the chloroalkane to give the reactive carbenium ion (carbocation) which undergoes an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction with benzene to give the alkyl benzene and H+.

Reactant Page Go To Go To
Benzene     Reactions Using    Reactions Forming
2-Methylbut-1-ene     Reactions Using    Reactions Forming
Aluminium chloride Catalyst    Reactions Using    Reactions Forming
Hydrogen chloride Catalyst    Reactions Using    Reactions Forming
2-Phenyl-2-methylbutane     Reactions Using    Reactions Forming

Interaction, Reaction, Process defined as:
Addition: Electrophilic
British A-Level Chemistry: A2
Multistep: LA/B mechanism
Substitution: Electrophilic Aromatic
Substitution: Electrophilic Second Order

© Mark R. Leach 1999 –

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